This timeline was made possible by the generous support of Cory Arcangel, Claude Closky, Michael Connor, Lauren Cornell, Raffael Dörig, Martin Germann, JODI, Miltos Manetas, Eva and Franco Mattes, Domenico Quaranta and Billy Rennekamp.



THE THING is a center for new media practice and theory, social forums and online art projects founded by Wolfgang Staehle. In 1991, THE THING took the form of a dial-up bulletin board system that facilitated discussion and experimentation, primarily within the New York City arts communities. In 1995, THE THING launched its website



artnetweb is a network of people and projects investigating new media in the practice of art founded by Remo Campopiano and Robbin Murphy.


Museum of Computer Art, founded by Don Archer and Bob Dodson, is an archive and exhibition space for digital artwork.


Online exhibition organized by Lars Eijssen featuring works by Remco Vlaanderen, Diederik Martens and Lars Eijssen.



Ada'web is an online art site founded by John Borthwick and Benjamin Weill presenting works by artists such as Jenny Holzer, Julia Scher, David Bartels, Lawrence Weiner, Vivian Selbo, JODI, Doug Aitken and Dean Kuipers, among many others.

Series of online exhibitions, initiated by Simon Lamunière, featuring artists such as Claude Closky, Claude Gaçon, Hervé Graumann, Jochem Hendricks, Nathalie Novarina and Manfred Stumpf.


Online collection and exhibition of artwork by Nicolas Pioch

Lin Hsin Hsin Art Museum

Online exhibition platform created by Lin Hsin Hsin to display digital art from Singapore.

Public Netbase

Cultural media initiative, open access Internet platform and advocate for the development of electronic art founded by Konrad Becker and Francisco de Sousa Webber.


Mark Harden’s website and archive of of fine art scans, art discourse and curated exhibitions consisting primarily of canonical paintings.

Founded and maintained by Ed Stastny, SITO is an art collective as well as an archive of digital artwork.

CERN - European Lab for Network Collision

Platform for exhibitions and networking projects.

Hyper X

Net Art exhibition space curated by Alt-X with contributions from guest curators including Mark Amerika, Abe Linkoln, Christiane Paul, and Jay Dillemut and Marisa Olson.

Digital art gallery and discussion zone co-founded by Stephen Pusey and Yu Yeon Kim.

Existing in many versions over time with limited access and tranparency, was a piece of net art as well a space for artists to exhibit work and collaborate. The domain name was registered by Kenneth Aronson.

Cultural forum on the Internet focussing mainly on Swiss art production and international participation founded by Reinhard Storz.

Dia Art Foundation Artists’ Web Projects

Platform for commissioned web projects includes works by Francis Alÿs, David Claerbout, Diller + Scofidio, Molissa Fenley, Susan Hiller, Glenn Ligon, Komar & Melamid, Feng Mengbo, Allen Ruppersberg, Shimabuku, Gary Simmons, Stephen Vitiello, Ezra Johnson, Rosa Barba, and Barbara Bloom.



Project of the Guggenheim web site acting as a compendium of maps of cyberspace that was awarded Best Online Exhibition Site at the 1998 Museums and the Web conference.

The department of New Radio and Performing Arts, Inc. dedicated to commissioning and exhibiting Internet art.


Online exhibition space of documenta X

Designed and curated by Simon Lamunière.

Gallery 9

Gallery 9 is the Walker Art Center's online exhibition space. Between 1997 and 2003, under the direction of Steve Dietz, Gallery 9 presented the work of more than 100 artists.

Digital Studies - Being in Cyberspace

Online exhibition of and net.theory curated by Mark Amerika and Alex Galloway for ALT-X Online Network ( Artists and writers included: Richard Allalouf, Mark Amerika, Roy Ascott, Torsten Zenas Burns, Claire Cann, Vuk Cosic, Ricardo Dominguez, Alex Galloway, Dr. Hugo, Intima, Shelley Jackson, Tina LaPorta, Lev Manovich, Juliet Ann Martin, Jennifer Bozick McCoy, Kevin McCoy, Knut Mork, Poem by Nari, Melinda Rackham, Erwin Redl, Nino Rodriguez, La Societe Anonyme, Jeff Zilm.


Port is an exhibition of networked digital worlds on the Internet organized by Remo Campopiano and Robbin Murphy in collaboration with MIT List Visual Arts Center.


1998 Splash Pages

Used by to display artwork with greater immediacy, a splash page of net art was the first content presented to users visiting the site between 1998 and 2002. They were collected as an archive and subsequent online exhibition by Brian Droitcour in 2010.


Web exhibition curated by Deborah Ligorio with contributions by Andreas Angelidakis, Casino Royale, Jonny Benson, Lorenzo Bini, Mark Borthwick, Dimix and Markos Novak.

Virtual Worlds

A floating studio in Chelsea. Concept by Miltos Manetas and architecture by Andreas Angelidakis.



Founded in 2000 by Agricola de Cologne as a virtual museum focussing on net based art.


online exhibition commissioned by the Centre Pompidou, in collaboration with Alison Gingeras. Realisation by Jean-Noël Lafargue. Works by Cercle Ramo Nahs, Vuk Cosic, Rainer Ganahl, JoDi, Olive Martin & Patrick Bernier, Mark Napier and ®™ark.

FILE Archive

Online archive of net art in association with FILE Electronic Language International Festival in Sao Paulo Brazil founded by artists Ricardo Barreto and Paula Perissinotto.


Alt.interface is a series of commissioned interfaces incorporating’s archives of text and art. Artists include Alex Galloway, Martin Wattenberg, Mark Tribe, Christopher Fahey, John Klima and Lisa Jevbratt.

2000 Whitney Biennial

The first Whitney Biennial to include net art featuring the artists Mark Amerika, Lew Baldwin, Ben Benjamin, Fakeshop, Ken Goldberg, RTMark, John F. Simon, Jr., Darcey Steinke and Annette Weintraub.



Online exhibition space of MUDAM (Musée d'Art Modern du Luxembourg) curated by Claude Closky, Simon Lamunière, Jean-Charles Massera and Benjamin Weil. Designed by Claude Closky.

Kingdom Of Piracy

Kingdom of Piracy is an online exhibition space and workspace launched in 2001 in Taiwan and presented at Ars Electronica 2002 with 14 commissioned artworks and 3 writing projects. Curated by Shu Lea Cheang, Armin Medosch and Yukiko Shikata.

Korea Web Art Festival

Online exhibition organized by the Digital Academy of Art and Culture.


Whitney Artport

Whitney Museum’s portal to Internet art and an online gallery space for commissions of net art and new media art.

Whitney Biennial 2002 (Net Art Selection)

The Whitney Museum included net art in their Biennial for the second and last time. Not to be confused with Milto Maneta’s unofficial the same year. Artists included James Buckhouse, Mary Flanagan, Benjamin Fry, Lisa Jevbratt, Yael Kanarek, John Klima, Margot Lovejoy, Mark Napier, Robert Nideffer, Josh On & Futurefarmers

Whitney Biennial 2002

Online biennial organized by Miltos Manetas.

MIX-m stands for MIXed-museum. It is a contemporary art museum that exists both in physical and digital spaces, in localized and networked environments, organized by fabric | ch and Simon Lamunière.

Neen World

Neen World is an open-ended architectural experiment which started as an ActiveWorlds place for members of the Neen art movement to meet, walk and talk online: a chat-room. Architecture by Andreas Angelidakis. Commissioned by Miltos Manetas and the electronicOrphanage in the occasion of the Afterneen exhibition in CASCO.


Web Biennial

International bi-annual contemporary art exhibition located exclusively on the

World Wide Web, founded by Genco Gulan.


ya heard

Online exhibition of sound based work from’s Art Base by Mendi and Keith Obadike. Artists include: Michiel Knaven, Conor O'Boyle, Paul Miller, Erik Bünger, William Duckworth, Michaël SellamMark, Erik Belgum, Nicolas Clauss


An online exhibition organized by


Low Level All Stars

Collection of digital start screen “graffitti” created by Commodore 64 crackers who removed copyright restraints from various software and games. Works extracted by Beige and presented by Beige and Radical Software Group.

Raiders of the Lost ArtBase

Curated by Michael Connor from’s ArtBase.

Net Art's Cyborg[feminist]s, Punks, and Manifestos

Exhibition on the politics of [internet] appearances, curated by Marina Grzinic for Rhizome ArtBase.


Time Shares

A series of online exhibitions organized by and co-presented by The New Museum of Contemporary Art.


Neterotopia was an event that took place from 16th to 31st March 2006 in various spaces on the Net and in 3 physical locations, the Palais de Tokyo (Paris), Careof (Milan) and NICC (Antwerp).

The Copy and Paste Show

Part of Time Shares, a series of online exhibitions co-presented by Rhizome and the New Museum of Contemporary Art, curated by Hanne Mugaas.

Included artists: Seth Price, Ida Ekblad & Anders Norby, 808

Professional Surfer

Part of Time Shares, a series of online exhibitions co-presented by Rhizome and the New Museum of Contemporary Art, curated by Lauren Cornell. Artists included John Michael Boling, Olia Lialina, Joel Holmberg, Nasty Nets, Travis Hallenbeck and Supercentral.


Touring Show

Part of Time Shares, a series of online exhibitions co-presented by Rhizome and the New Museum of Contemporary Art, curated by Marisa Olson. Artists included Kanarinka, Temporary Travel Office, C5, Trevor Paglen, Finishing School, Raqs Media Collective with Joy Chatterjee, Ricardo Miranda Zuniga

Temporäre Kunsthalle Berlin Second Life

A Second Life precursor of the temporary Kunsthalle Berlin featuring Candice Breitz and Franz Ackermann.

20 x 20

Curated by John Michael Boling for a lecture on net art. Includes work by Billy Rennekamp, Peter Baldes, Aleksandra Domanovic, Ilia Ovechkin and Will Simpson, Guthrie Lonergan, Damon Zucconi, Rafael Rozendaal, Cory Arcangel, Oliver Laric, Guthrie Lonergan, Charles Broskoski, Mark Callahan, Chris Collins, James Whipple, Michael Bell Smith and company, Guthrie Lonergan, Dragan Espenscheid, Joel Holmberg and John Michael Boling


Montage: Unmonumental Online

Online portion of Unmonumental exhibition at The New Museum of Contemporary Art, curated by Lauren Cornell and Marisa Olson. Artists included Michael Bell-Smith, William Boling, John Michael Boling, Charles Broskoski, Jessica Ciocci, Petra Cortright, Chris Coy, Cao Fei, Kenneth Tin-Kin Hung, Nina Katchadourian, Oliver Laric, Olia Lialina, Guthrie Lonergan, Paul Slocum


On-line archive designed to preserve works of art generated for the web developed by the Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo

Manetas Desert in Second Life

Second Life exhibition organized by Miltos Manetas.

Club Internet

Online exhibition space initiated by Harm van den Dorpel

Online exhibition curated by Alejandra Salinas and Aeron Bergman.

The New Easy

Online exhibition curated by Lars Eijssen.


Padiglione Internet

An online exhibition curated by Miltos Manetas for the 2009 Internet Pavilion of the Venice Biennial featuring works by Petra Cortright, Aleksandra Domanovic, Harm van den Dorpel, Sinam Erkas, Elna Frederick, Martijn Hendriks, Parker Ito, Oliver Laric, Guthrie Lonergan and Pascual Sisto.

My biennial is better than yours

Mybiennialisbetterthanyours an online exhibition curated by Tolga Taluy for the X Biennale de Lyon. is a web-based curatorial platform devoted to supporting practices and dialogues maround artistic production, display and distribution online.


Binarykatwalk is an online exhibition space for experimental digital work.


Online exhibition series founded by Parker Ito and Caitlin Denny.



Online exhibition presented by the Western Front featuring JODI, Guthrie Lonergan, Cory Arcangel, Lee Walton and Aleksandra Domanovic.

Chrystal Gallery

A computer rendered exhibition space curated and rendered by Timur Si-Qin with works by Kari Altmann, Charles Broskoski, Lindsay Lawson, Billy Rennekamp, Maxwell Simmer, and Harm Van Den Dorpel.


Online exhibition space for Toronto Gallery Xpace.

Sculpture Storage

Digital Exhibition of 3D artworks curated by Billy Rennekamp, hosted by La MAMA in New York and organized by The Cave. Artist include Aids-3D, Billy Rennekamp, Clemens Jahn, Guthrie Lonergan, Hunter Skye Chamberlain, Max Pitegoff and Timur Si-qin.

An Immaterial Survey of Our Peers exhibition of photos of artworks that were digitally manipulated by curator Brad Troemel so as to appear physical in an SAIC exhibition space. List of Artists: Aaron Graham, Abigail McGuane, AIDS-3D, Andreas Banderas, Arielle Gavin, Anna Mack, Ben Schumacher, Brad Tinmouth, Brenna Murphy, Brian Khek, Kevin Caldwell, Chris Collins, Chris Coy, Daniel Everett, David Horvitz, Derek Frech, Elina Minn, Esteban Schimpf, Hanna Terese Nilsson, Hermonie Only, Iain Ball, Ilia Ovechkin, Israel Lund, Ivan Gaytan, Jamie Felton, Jason Lazarus, Jeff O’Brien, Jennilee Marigomen, Jon Rafman, Jordan Rhoat, Kari Altmann, Katy Heinlein, Lili Huston-Herterich, Manny Mireles, Martijn Hendriks, Martin Kohout, Maryanne Casasanta, Matthew Green, Micah Schippa, Mitch Thar, Natalie Rognsoy, Nick DeMarco, Parker Ito, Rachael Milton, Ryan Barone, Samara Golden, Timur Si-Qin, Travess Smalley and Zach Shipko.

Youtube Play

Exhibition of videos from organized and hosted by The Guggenheim Museum in New York. Works were submitted by youtube users and chosen by a panel of judges including Laurie Anderson, Animal Collective, featuring Deakin (Josh Dibb), Geologist (Brian Weitz), and Panda Bear (Noah Lennox), Darren Aronofsky, Douglas Gordon, Ryan McGinley, Marilyn Minter, Takashi Murakami, Shirin Neshat, Stefan Sagmeister, Apichatpong Weerasethakul and Nancy Spector.


Online art exhibition, organized and initiated by jonCates & Jake Elliott.


Internet based platform conceived to hold online exhibitions of contemporary art.


STATE is an online exhibition platform that features new projects and statements by artists who use the internet as a primary element in their work.

Online exhibition curated and organized by Margherita Balzerani & Julien Levesque. gallery exhibiting documentation of physical work as well as digital works. Curated by Louis Doulas.



Online exhibition space initiated by Rhys Coren and Attilia Fattori Franchini.


Online exhibition curated by Jennifer Teets with works by Michael Portnoy, Morten Norbye Halvorsen, Darius Mikšys, Aslı Çavuşoğlu/Burak Arıkan, Mateusz Sadowski, Vava Dudu, Tania Pérez Córdova, Valentinas Klimašauskas, Fatoş Üstek/Per Hüttner, FRANCE FICTION, Francesco Pedraglio, PERENNIAL, Mark Aerial Waller and Carson Salter.


online publication and multi-artist project exploring the relationship between images and interpretation curated and published by Leah Beeferman and Matthew Harvey.

Online exhibition project in connection with the Klaus Von Nichtssagend Gallery in New York curated by Duncan Malashock. Artists include Nicolas Sassoon, Laura Brothers, Jeremiah Johnson, Pascual Sisto, Krist Wood, Angelo Plessas, Guthrie Lonergan, Brenna Murphy, Duncan Malashock, Sara Ludy, Kate Steciw, Arend deGruyter-Helfer, Constant Dullaart, BFFA3AE, Billy Rennekamp, Harm van den Dorpe and Michelle Ceja.

Ships Passing in the Night

Online exhibition organized and designed by Mylinh Trieu Nguyen for CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Art San Francisco.


ANI GIF is an online gallery for artists to explore the creative possibilities of the Animated GIF file format curated by Daniel Rehn and Sarah Caluag.

SPAMM (Super Art Modern Museum)

Online exhibition series created and curated by Michaël Borras aka Systaime and Thomas Cheneseau.

Art Micro-Patronage

Art Micro-Patronage is an experimental online exhibition space featuring monthly curated shows of digital, new media, and intermedia work founded by Eleanor Hanson Wise and Oliver Wise.


Dallas Biennial

Online biennial including participants such as Adrian Piper, Artur Barrio, Stephen Lapthisophon, Asger Carlsen, The estate of Nam Jun Paik and Robert Smithson, Ludwig Schwarz, Mishka Henner, Petra Cortright, Martha Rosler, Brad Tucker, Guillaume Leblon, Michael Vorfeld, Sharon Ya'ari, among others.


An exhibition on a piece of website organized by Hösl & Mihaljevic and Leon Hösl.

The Platform

The Platform is an online space where artists whose work deals with digital phenomena can upload and curate materials.

Unlimited GTI

Online exhibition organized by Yves Scherer featuring Lindsay Lawson, Martin Kohout, Alex Turgeon, Berry Patten, Stephan Backes, Zarah Landes and

Accidental Purpose

Online exhibition curated by Candice Jacobs & Fay Nicolson.

Sleeping Upright

Online exhibition featuring works by Stéphane Devidal, Benedict Drew, Ed Fornieles, Candice Jacobs and Jesse Wine.

International New Media Gallery

Online exhibition space for moving image artworks founded by UCL History of Art postgraduates Tom Snow, Isabella Smith, Charley Lintern and Joy Stacey.

American Medium

Multimedia exhibition platform for contemporary art.

Gallery Onine

Gallery Online is a gallery for digital art located on Facebook, launched by Ronen Shai and Thomas Cheneseau.

A virtual stage and space for exhibitions and further activities by Michael Alfred.

Fach & Asendorf Gallery

Online Gallery founded and curated by Architect and artist Ole Fach and the media artist Kim Asendorf.

Click | Gallery

Click | Gallery offers internet artists the opportunity to temporarily commandeer its server space to create new work.

Domain Gallery

Domain Gallery is an online gallery focused on Digital and Internet Based Works curated by Manuel Fernández.

First Look: New Art Online

First Look: New Art Online is a monthly series of innovative online projects and new commissions curated by Lauren Cornell for the New Museum. The series launched in 2012 with a work by Taryn Simon and Aaron Swartz.


Width:700px; Gallery

Tumblr gallery of images 700px wide by Levi Bruce.


An online exhibition on the centenary of the 1913 Armory Exhibition.

Desktop Residency

Online exhibition curated by John Henry Newton and Barnie Page featuring artists such as Clémence de la Tour du Pin, Simon Boase, Brenna Murphy, Joseph Buckley and Ryan Gander.


Online biennial exhibition of contemporary art initiated by David Dehaeck & Nathalie Haveman.

A digital art biennale with 30 online pavilions lead by 30 curators/artists/organisations featuring more than 300 artists to be featured online.